Gynecomastia or man boobs is the swelling of breasts in boys and men. This condition is more common among newborn male babies, boys during puberty and older men. It is not be a serious health problem. But the psychological effect of gynecomastia is devastating. It affects the self-esteem of men and it causes embarrassment. Besides, men with gynecomastia may also experience severe pain in their breasts. Hormone imbalance, alcohol abuse, kidney failure, radiation treatment of testicles, liver disease, some thyroid disorders, infection or lumps in testicles, medications such as anti androgens, anabolic steroids, some HIV medications, diazepam, tea tree oil, chemotherapy, some ulcer medications, some antibiotics, some heart drugs, etc are the causes of gynecomastia.
The symptoms and signs of gynecomastia may occur in one or both breasts.
* Swelling of breast gland tissue
* Breasts become tender
* Diameter of areola (ring of pigmented skin around nipple) increases.
* Chest tissue becomes asymmetrical
In order to diagnose gynecomastia, your doctor may ask questions regarding medical and drug history, symptoms and family history. Breast tissue, genitals and abdomen will also be examined. If it is caused by hormonal imbalance, it can be treated with various non surgical methods. Further investigation including biopsy is needed if your breast lump is abnormally large, hard, fixed, one sided or tender. If you have lump in one breast, it can be because of breast cancer. So, proper diagnosis is essential to rule out some serious health problems such as:
* Breast cancer
* Inflammation of breast tissue
* Fat necrosis
Tissue biopsy, ultrasound scan, MRI, CY scan and X-rays of chest are used for diagnosing gynecomastia.
Non Surgical Gynecomastia Treatment
If it is not a serious health problem, it can be treated without surgery. Some of the non surgical gynecomastia treatment options are described below.
Most common effects of gynecomastia are emotional and psychological. This can be treated through counseling. Counseling helps children to feel comfortable and proud in his skin and body. Children with this health problem require constant positive reinforcement from siblings, parents and close friends. This is inevitable to alleviate depression.
Accumulation of fatty tissue in breasts is one of the major causes of this disease. So, exercise is an effective method to reduce this problem. You can do different types of exercises that target your pectoral muscles. Push-ups, seated rows, etc are focusing on chest area, so these are helpful for reducing enlarged breasts. You can consult your personal physician to get the best advice.
If it occurs due to obesity, you can control your diet to reduce weight. However, dieting is very hard to follow and the result of this method is very less. So, you cannot solve this problem by adopting diet control alone. A combination of proper diet and exercise can be helpful.
Creams and Gels
If you are not comfortable to do exercise and diet control, you can use some creams and gels, which are readily available in the market. These are cheap and easy to use. However, due to the slow effectiveness of creams and gels, people turn their focus on pills and capsules to cure gynecomestia.
Pills and Medication
These are the direct alternative to surgery for gynecomastia treatment. This is considered as the most effective method to reduce male breasts. Medicines can be injected inside your body. A large number of herbal pills are also available in the market. Breast volume can be reduced by using selective estrogen receptive modulators such as raloxifene and tamoxifen.
These are some of the non surgical gynecomastia treatment options. If the problem is chronic, surgeries such as mastectomy or liposuction can be adopted.